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Cornell University Library

The original of this book is in the Cornell University Library.

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Press of Tutile^ Morehouse fir" Taylor^ Nciv Haven.




Volume Second


©eitealoflical anir BiograpJjical ;ftlono3tapi)0






letrtoatitr Igltirmgr SalfsKittrfi









" ®ttr calmer fubgnient mill ratl)er tenb to moberate tljon to supprees tl]e pribe of an ancient anir roortlia race. 9[t)e 0atiri0t tnaji langhi tl)^ pljiloBoiiljer mog preacl) ; but reason tjerself aiU res^ject tl)e prejubice anb l)abits tt)l)icl) Ijaoe been consecrateb bg tlie eje^erience of mankinb. . . . 3n tl)e inoesti- gation of past eoents onr curiosita is stimnlateb b^ tlje immebiate or inbirect reference to onrseloes ; bnt in tlie estimate of l)onour xne sbonlb learn to oalue tl)e gifts of nature abooe tl)ose of fortune; to esteem in our ancestors tlje qualities t\)at best promote tl)c interests of societn, anb to pronounce tlje bescenbant of a king less trnls noble tljan tlje offspring of a man of genius, rol)ose toritings mill instruct anb beligl)t tlje latest posteritg "—Edward Gibbon.


Title of Volume Second ....... p^^g

On the Proper Criteria of Judgment in the Estimate of Ancestry,

BY Edward Gibbon ....... iii

@;;tffiitt)Oltl (pp. 1-121):


Arms ......... I

Sources of the information upon which this Monograph is

based ........ i

Two brothers, Edward and Matthew Griswold, come to America

about 1639 ........ 2

Their sworn statements of 1684, by which is fixed the date of immi- gration ........ 2

A third brother, Thomas, remained in England, as shown by a docu- ment quoted in full from the New London Probate Office . 4

George Griswold is proved to be father of these three brothers by a

deposition lately found, here quoted ... 5

His probable descent shown from the Greswold family of

CO. Warwick ....... 6

And his probable identity with the George Greswold whose baptism is recorded in the Parish-register of Solihul, under date of April 23, 1548 ....... 8

Account of the three brothers Griswold ... g

Edward Griswold the elder of the two emigrants . . . lo

His descendants ....... n

Matthew Griswold the emigrant ..... 13

Descendants of Matthew and Anna (Wolcott) Griswold . 22

John Rogers, founder of the Rogerenes .... 23

Chief Justice Waite ...... 26


Matthew Griswold the second . . .

Letter to his future wife .....■■ Letter to Cotton Mather relating what had befallen his son Matthew

Children of Matthew and Phoebe (Hyde) Griswold

George Griswold's Latin salutatory, Yale 1717

Extracts from one of his sermons . . .

His obituary by Rev. Jonathan Parsons . . .



35 38 40

Descendants of George and Hannah (Lynde) Griswold Other children of Matthew and Phoebe (Hyde) Griswold Judge John Griswold . . . .

Descendants of Judge John and Hannah (Lee) Griswold Gen. Samuel Holden Parsons ....

Gov. Matthew Griswold and his wife; her Pitkin-Wolcott descent .....••• Extracts from his correspondence . . . .

Family-circle of Mrs. Ursula (Wolcott) Griswold Children of Gov. Matthew and Ursula (Wolcott) Griswold

Judge Matthew Griswold Gov. Roger Griswold

80 81

Pedigree-Sketch of Descent of Fanny (Rogers) Griswold Descendants of Gov. Roger and Fanny (Rogers) Griswold Capt. John Griswold ......

Other children of Gov. Matthew and Ursula (Wolcott) Gris- wold ......••

Dea. John Griswold and his wife Sarah Johnson

Their descendants ......

Mrs. Elizabeth (Griswold) Gurley and her family

114 "5


41 46

47 49 SO

52 56

73 80

facing 8 2

105 106





Mrs. Sarah (Griswold) Gardiner and her family . . 117

Mrs. Ursula (Griswold) McCurdy and her family . . 120

Judge Charles Johnson McCurdy .... 120

Mrs. Evelyn (McCurdy) Salisbury . . . . 120

Kotefii on tJje iFamils of Be2molt(pp. 123-165):

The name, in various forms, common as a surname in various languages ......

Distinguished Europeans bearing the name

Early American DeWolfs .....

First notices of Balthasar DeWolf, 1656 and 1661

He and his three sons in the Lyme records of 1668 ; his daughter

Mary was the grandmother of Gov. Matthew Griswold Two or three further notices of Balthasar DeWolf and his wife Alice Their son Edward and his wife Rebecca ....

Simon and Sarah (Lay) DeWolf .....

The third son Stephen and his family .....

Descendants of Simon and Sarah (Lay) DeWolf . . 133

Only four male descendants of Balthasar now live in Lyme ;

their names ....... 135

The DeWolfs of Nova Scotia : a communication from Dr. James

Ratchford DeWolf of Wolfville, N. S. . . . 136

Nathan and Lydia (Kirtland) DeWolf and their children . . 139

Benjamin and Rachel (Otis) DeWolf and their children . . 140

Children of Hon. James Fraser who married Rachel Otis DeWolf . 141 Judge Elisha DeWolf and his family .... 142

Hon. Thomas Andrew Strange DeWolf and his family . . 143

Dr. James Ratchford DeWolf and his family ... 144












Rev. Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton's account of the page

Nova Scotia DeWolfs ..... I45

Notes on the Rhode Island branch of the DeWolf family,

chiefly by Dr. John James DeWolf of Providence, R. I. . 148


Prof. John DeWolf of Brown University .... 151

Extracts from letters of Mr. John DeWolf of New York on the

same branch . . . .154

Capt. John DeWolf, " Nor'west John ; " his voyage to Alaska and his

journey through Siberia to St. Petersburg ... 155

Hon. Delos DeWolf of Oswego, N. Y. ; Dr. T. K. DeWolf of

Chester Center, Mass. . . 158

Dr. Oscar C. DeWolf, Professor in Chicago Medical College ;

Calvin DeWolf, Esq. of Chicago . . . . 159

Dr. James DeWolf of Vail, Ohio ..... 160

Austin DeWolf Esq. of Greenfield, Mass. ... 161

Arms of the DeWolf of Saxony ; and of DeWolfe of England 164

Pftftin=2J2IoUott (pp. 169-214):

Wiis\ti\iX (pp. 169-200) :

Arms ......... 169

Henry Wolcott of Windsor, Conn. .... 169

His immediate ancestry .......

His wife and children ......

Plenry Wolcott the second ...

Simon Wolcott ; Martha Pitkin his second wife Henry Wolcott the third, and others of that generation

Judge Josiah Wolcott ; his letter on the Salem witchcraft . . 177








Capt. Gideon Wolcott . . . . . . 178

Elihu Wolcott; his son Rev. Dr. Samuel Wolcott author of

the Wolcott " Memorial " . . . . . 179

William, son of the first Simon Wolcott, and his descendants 180

Gov. Roger Wolcott, chiefly from his autobiography . . 181

Letter to him from the Assembly of Massachusetts after the capture of Louisburg ....

Judge Roger Wolcott ; Gen. Erastus Wolcott .

Mrs. Ursula (Wolcott) Griswold ; Gov. Oliver Wolcott the

Mrs. Mariann (Wolcott) Goodrich

Extracts from her letters ....

The second Gov. Oliver Wolcott .

When over seventy years of age he writes of himself in his teens Extracts from his correspondence ..... His family .......

Physical traits of the Wolcotts ..... 198



t the









^ttl^fn (pp. 201-214):

Copy of an old record of several early generations of Pitkins 201

William Pitkin the first ....... 201

His brother Roger and sister Martha .... 203

Children of William and Hannah (Goodwin) Pitkin . . . 204

William Pitkin the second ; Chief Justice Pitkin . . 204

Children of William and Elizabeth (Stanley) Pitkin . . . 206

William Pitkin the third ; Gov. Pitkin .... 207



Children of William and Mary (Woodbridge) Pitkin . . .210

William Pitkin the fourth: Judge Pitkin .... 210

Rev. Timothy Pitkin and Hon. Timothy Pitkin . . .211

Pitkins distinguished in military life ....



General summaries quoted from the " Pitkin Family " .


Hon. Roger Sherman Baldwin, Gov. and U. S. Senator ; Prof.

Simeon E. Baldwin ......


Kotlas on tfje iFamUs of IPtafte (pp. 215-224):

Arms ......... 215

The parents, brothers and sisters of Sergeant Job Drake who

married Mary Wolcott .....


John Drake Jun. and his descendants . . . .


Children of Sergeant Job Drake ....


Lieut. Job Drake ; his daughter Sarah marries Gov. Roger

Wolcott .......


John Drake the emigrant descended from the Drakes of Ashe

in Devonshire .......


Letter from Rev. W. T. T. Drake of Hemel-Hempsted, Eng.,

on this descent .......


Sketch of the history of this family, condensed from Burke,

Prince and Nichols ......


Sir Bernard Drake ; Robert Drake of Wiscombe . . . 220

Sir Richard Grenville ; Sir Bevil Grenville . . . 221

Inscription on the monument of Sir Bernard and his wife in the

parish-church of Musbury ..... 222

His wife Gertrude Fortescue and her father Sir John Fortescue 222


Robert Drake, his wife Elizabeth Prideaux, their sons and their


grandson John the emigrant ...


Sir Walter Raleigh and the first Duke of Marlborough related

to the Drakes .......


Francis Drake of Esher ......


(©fltrett=So|insott (pp. 225-351) :

©flTien (pp. 225-284):


Arms ......... 225

Origin of the early emigrations from New England westward,

especially to New Jersey .....


John Ogden of Northampton, L. I., a patentee under Nicolls's grant

in 1664 settling in Elizabethtown ; the " Concessions " of the

Lords Proprietors ....... 226

Thomas Johnson one of the company from New Haven Colony in

1666 settling in Newark ..... 227

Prominence of the Ogdens in the earlier history of New Jersey . 228

This monograph is largely indebted to the private notes' pre-

pared by Mr. Francis Barber Ogden of New York


His letter respecting the Ogden arms ..... 229

John Ogden's career ......


John Ogden's brother Richard .....


Children of John and Jane (Bond) Ogden


John Ogden and his family ...... 235

David Ogden ; Joseph Ogden ..... 236

Benjamin Ogden and his family ..... 236

Dea. Jonathan Ogden and his family .... 237


Robert Ogden and his family . . .


Hon. Robert Ogden ....••• 241

Children of Hon. Robert and Phoebe (Hatfield) Ogden . . 243

Robert Ogden ......■• 244

His descendants .....-• 245

Gen. Frederick Nash Ogden ; Abner Nash Ogden . . . 246

Mrs. Mary (Ogden) Haines and her family . . . 248

Mrs. Sarah Piatt (Haines) Doremus and her family . . . 249

Mrs. Sarah Piatt (Ogden) DuBois and her family ... 251

Capt. Cornelius Jay DuBois ...... 252

Col. Francis Barber of Elizabethtown, N. J., who married Mary

Ogden ........ 254

Gen. Matthias Ogden ....... 255

Descendants of Gen. Matthias and Hannah (Dayton) Ogden . 257

Col. Francis Barber Ogden ...... 257

His son Francis Barber Ogden ..... 259

Gov. Aaron Ogden .....

Moses Ogden and his descendants

Descendants of David and Elizabeth (Swayne-Ward) Ogden


259 262


Rev. David Longworth Ogden

Mrs. Elizabeth (Ogden) Johnson

Col. Josiah Ogden

Abraham Ogden

Thomas Ludlow Ogden .

Dr. Jacob Ogden

268 272 272

275 277 282


3JoJin!^on (pp. 285-351):


Arms .........



Three Johnsons, early of New Haven Colony, supposec

to be

brothers ......


Their dates in the records ; Robert's claim to the house of his

brother John .......


Robert's first appearance in New Haven ; his Will


Letter of Rev. Dr. Sanauel Johnson to his son, January 6, 1757


The third brother, Thomas Johnson of New Haven and Norwalk


Descendants of Robert and Adaline Johnson



Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson .....


His children ........


Judge Samuel William Johnson ....


Thomas Johnson of Newark ....



His epitaph and Will .......


His descendants .......


Eliphalet Johnson ; his Will ......


Nathaniel Johnson ; his Will .....


Descendants of Nathaniel and Sarah (Ogden) Johnson


Rev. Stephen Johnson .....


Descendants of Rev. Stephen and Elizabeth (Diodate) Johnson


Notes on tfft iFatnilfes of J3ontr jrntr Stoagne (pp.


Robert Bond ......



William Swayne ......



BfOtTiltt (pp. 363-412):




Monuments of William Diodate and his relict Sarah removed

in 1 82 1 from the New Haven Public Square New Haven Records respecting William Diodate

Extracts from his Will Items of his Inventory The record in his Bible, in his own hand

365 366 367

Col. Joseph L. Chester's assistance in tracing his ancestry- Information from the Swiss Diodatis through Rev. Dr. L. W.

Bacon ........

Cornelio Diodati of Lucca in 1300; his descendants

Carolo Diodati .......

Letter from Madame A. de May respecting the Mei family,

allied to the Diodatis ......

Letter from Count G. Diodati relative to the female ancestry

of Carolo Diodati Nicolo Diodati and his son Pompeio Descendants of Pompeio Diodati His brother Nicolo's sons Giovanni and Giulio Ottaviano Diodati and his descendants Descendants of Carolo Diodati

Rev. Jean Diodati

Dr. Theodore Diodati, son of Rev. Jean

Rev. Philippe Diodati

Rev. Antoine Josue Diodati

384 393 394 395

363 364


369 370

374 374


377 380 381 382 384


Dr. Theodore Diodati, son of Carolo, and his descendants


Charles Diodati, Milton's friend ..... 396

John Diodati, grandfather of the emigrant William . . . 397

List of Diodati portraits in the Villa Diodati on the Lake of Geneva ......

John Diodati, father of the emigrant William

His wife Elizabeth Morton, and Pedigree-Sketch of her Whicker Descent .....

Arms of Whicker ......

Children of John and Elizabeth (Morton) Diodati

Elizabeth (Diodati) Scarlett ; the Scarlett arms .

William Diodate ; Mrs. Scarlett's Will .

Articles which came to William Diodate's granddaughters

William Diodate's son-in-law Rev. Stephen Johnson


398 400

400 401 402

403 404 408 411

Hescent of Satraij (Uttufiatr) ISiotrate (pp. 413-415)

Indexes of Family-Names in Second Volume and Pedigrees (pp. 417-503)

1. By Male Descent

2. By Female Descent

3. By Marriage

1. By Male Descent

2. By Female Descent

3. By Marriage



419 422 428

435 444 446


1. By Male Descent

2. By Female Descent

3. By Marriage


PAGE 456


I. By Male Descent ,2. By Female Descent 3. By Marriage


464 465 466

1. By Male Descent

2. By Female Descent

3. By Marriage


471 478 480

1. By Male Descent

2. By Female Descent

3. By Marriage


487 491 492

I. 2. 3.

JBontr anb Svoajinc


1. By Male Descent

2. By Female Descent

3. By Marriage

I. 2. 3.




499 500


I. 2. 3.

?I1 unbar



Arms : Arg. a /ess Gu. between two greyhounds courant Sa. (Greswold of Warwickshire).

OR the following sketch we have been favored with the use of all the family-papers preserved by several generations of the Griswolds of Blackball ; together with some interesting original papers of Rev. George Griswold of Giant's Neck, now owned by Deacon George Griswold of Niantic ; and with some notes for family-history by James Griswold Esq. of Lyme.

We have also had several valuable documents copied for us from the Probate Records of New London and the State Archives at Hart- ford, the latter through the courtesy of Charles J. Hoadly Esq., State Librarian. An examination of the collections on the Griswold family made by the late Rev. F. W. Chapman of Rocky Hill, Conn., which were put into our hands by his son Mr. Henry A. Chapman of Hartford, has led to one important discovery ; and a few private letters from the father have given us some valuable hints.

Some of the statements respecting Edward Griswold and his descend- ants were furnished by Judge S. O. Griswold of Cleveland, Ohio, and the late Hon. William H. Buell of Clinton, Conn., descended from him.

The printed sources of information, so far as known, have been, of course, freely drawn upon.

It must be understood, however, that we have not undertaken to write a complete genealogy of the Griswolds ; this monograph has reference, especially, to the male line, and to those of the name most closely associated with Lyme.

The earliest English settlements on the Connecticut River were nearly contemporaneous, of the same parentage, being all offshoots from the Bay Plantation, and bound together by many ties of intercourse and

I. 2

dependence. It was about the year 1635 that Windsor, Hartford, Weth- ersfield and Saybrook were first settled. The latter had its origin in a fortification built by Lion Gardiner, a military engineer from England (who had served the Prince of Orange in the Low Countries as a brave soldier, and Engineer and Master of Works of Fortification in the Leaguers, and afterwards became, by grant from the Crown, the first Lord of the Manor of Gardiner's Island, or " the Worshippful Lion Gardiner, Lord of the Isle of Wight,"^), and commanded by John Winthrop the younger, under a commission from the Warwick Patentees. This barely secured the site for English occupation against Dutch encroachments. The new cluster of settlements thus formed on the beautiful banks of the Connecticut, winding amid rich meadows ready to the hand of the husbandman, and primitive forests stocked with all sorts of game valuable for skins, and opening an attractive pathway for trade, both inland and abroad, naturally drew the attention of those in the mother-country whom the usurpations and oppressions of the later Stuarts had forced to make new homes for themselves in these western wilds.

Two brothers of the name of Griswold, Edward^ and Matthew,^ came to America "about the year 1639," and settled at Windsor, Conn. The date of their emigration being fundamental, and all that relates to it, and to years immediately following, being of interest, we quote from affidavits of these two brothers, sworn to May 15, 1684, as follows:

"The testimony of Edward Griswold, aged about 77 years, is that about the yeare 1639 Mr. W™. Whiteing (deceassed) was undertaker for a shipp in England, in

' For a very interesting historical sketch of the Manor of Gardiner's Island, with notices of its suc- cessive proprietors, by Mrs. Martha J. Lamb, see the Magazine of American History. . . . New York, 1885, xiii. 1-30; also. Coll. of the Mass. Hist. Soc. Vol. x of the Third Series. Boston, 1849, pp. 173-85. A "beautiful recumbent effigy in armor" was lately set up, as a monument to Lion Gardiner, at Easthampton, L. L, on which occasion his remains were temporarily exhumed, showing a stature of over six feet, and a "broad forehead."— Id. New York, 1886, xvi. 493-94. The Griswold family of the seventh generation, as we shall see, became allied to the Gardiners by marriage.

N. B. All the imprints we give are those of the particular volumes referred to.


which shipp I came to New England . . . and at that time many passengers came ouer, severall of which settled at Windsor, and a gennerall expectation there was at that time, as appeared by discourse, of many more passengers to come, and some of note ... by which meanes land at Windsor, near the towne and redy for improuement, was at a high price. . . . But afterward, people that were expected out of England not coming in such numbers as was looked for, and some returning to England,'' and others remoueing to the seaside, the lands at Windsor fell very much in price." . . .

" The testimony of Matthew Griswold, aged about 64 years, is that John Bissell, sometimes of Windsor, now deceassed, did offer to sell mee al that part of Mr. Lud- lowe's accomodations, both of houseing and lands, which hee bought of Mr. W" Whiteing (as hee told mee), which lay on the west side Connecticut Riuer in the townshipp of Windsor. . . . and I beeing not accomodated to my mind where I then lined at Saybrook, and haueing kindred of my owne and my wiues at Windsor, was willing to dwell at Windsor . . . also I went and aduised with my father-in-law Mr. Wolcot, who told mee I had bid high enoffe. . . . Further I testifie that, when I came ouer to New England about the year 1639, land was at an high price, and that the price thereof fell very much in some yeares after."" . . .

It will be observed that these documents give us, also, approximately, the important dates of birth of the two brothers the elder, aged about seventy-seven in 1684, must have been born about 1607 ; and the younger, about sixty-four years old in 1684, was, of course, born about 1620.

The eminent antiquary Dr. J. Hammond Trumbull of Hartford says he " can hardly doubt " that a brother of Edward and Matthew was "Francis Grissell" (or "Mr. Grissell "), to whom reference is made in the "Calendar of State Papers" (Minutes of a Committee for Provi- dence Plantation) as having applied in England, from July 1635 to Feb. 1636, for remission of the cost of transportation of himself and wife to New England;^ whence he infers "that Francis Grissell (Griswold) had been at, and had returned to Great Britain from Providence Island, before

'' Plainly in consequence of the rising power of tlie Parliament, before the Civil War had operated to drive Englishmen away from their mother-country.

* Conn. State Archives, Private Controversies, ii. docc, 203, 204. AIS.

■* Calendar of State Papers. Colonial Series. 1574-1660. London, i860, pp. 211, 215, 221.


July 1635."= Whether it be true or not that this person was a brother of our Edward and Matthew Griswold, which we leave for others to determine, certain it is that Edward had a son named Francis, who will be spoken of farther on ; and Mr. Chapman entertained the opinion, though it does not appear on what ground, that the grandfather of Edward and Matthew was a Francis Griswold, said to have been of Lyme Regis, CO. Dorset, who had a son George, the father of our two brothers of Windsor."

From a valuable document in the New London Probate Office (relating to a lawsuit in which the only son of our first Matthew Griswold was involved) we obtain proof that, beside Edward and Matthew, there was another brother, Thomas^ by name, who remained in the old English homestead ; and the same paper gives documentary evidence as to what part of England the emigrants came from. It deserves to be quoted here, exactly and in full :

" Georg Griswold, aged about 67 years, testifyeth as followeth that in his youthfull years he lived with his father in England, in a town called Keillinsworth' in Warrackshire ; he did severall times since hear his father Edward Griswould say that the house they then lived in, and lands belonging thereto, was his brother Mathew Griswould's ; and have lately seen a letter under the hand of Thomas Gris- would of Keillinsworth above''', directed to his brother Mathew Griswould aforesaid, wherein the said Thomas Griswould intimated that he did then live in the abovesaid house belonging to his said brother Mathew Griswould aforesaid.

" May 9"", 1700. George Griswould appeared before me in Hartford, and made

oath to y"* above testimony."

"Joseph Curtiss, Assistant."

With regard to the ancestry of the three brothers whom we thus distinctly trace, we have no certain information reaching beyond their

' Private letter, Dec. 30, 1881.

' Private letter, March 12, 1874. The same letter expresses the belief, without giving any good reason for it, however (as appears from another letter, June 4, 1874), that Michael Griswold of Wethers- field was also a brother of Edward and Matthew ; but a document, which will be quoted presently seems to imply that the father of Edward and Matthew had only one other son.

' In Queen Elizabeth's time Kenilworth was called Killingworth.


father. A deposition lately found among the papers of Rev. F. W. Chapman, " a full and true copy " of an original now lost, enables us to begin the Grisvvold pedigree one generation farther back than it has been hitherto traced. This valuable document is in these words :

" The testimony of Captain George Griswold, aged about 72 years, and the testi- mony of Mr. John Griswold, aged about 69 years, they both being sons of George Griswold, the Deponents being both of Windsor in the county of Hartford and colony of Connecticut in New England, is as follows :

" Viz : that our Grandfather's name was Edward Griswold, and it was formerly and has ever since been always accepted and reputed that our said Grandfather's father's name was George M Griswold, and the said George Griswold our Great Grandfather had three sons, the eldest named Edward, the second named Matthew, and the third or youngest son named Thomas; and the said Edward the eldest son, and the said Matthew the second son, came into New England from Killingsworth in Warwickshire in England ; and in all our discourses amongst the families of said Griswolds in New England, together with other elderly observing gentlemen, they are and have ever been so accepted and reputed to be, without contradiction or gain- saying, according to the best of our remembrance.

" And the Deponents further add and say that the above named Edward Gris- wold's eldest son has always been called and reputed to be Francis Griswold, without any contradiction or gainsaying as aforesaid that we know of.

" Windsor in Hartford county in Connecticut, New England, personally appeared, on the 19th day of January, Anno Dom. 1737-8, Captain George Griswold and John Griswold, the above named Deponents, and made solemn Oath, in due form of law, to the truth of the above written testimony, before me.

Henry Allyn,

Justice Peace."'

" This copy was given to Mr. Chapman by Mr. J. S. Griswold of Benson, Vt., whose brother Mr. W. D. Griswold, now of St. Louis, Mo., wrote to us (October 27, 1883) respecting the original paper as follows :

" As regards the original paper, I remember to have seen it on occasion of a visit I made to my native home in 1841. My Father, then alive, showed it to me, and I read it over and over with o-reat interest, and I then took a copy of it which I think I have sent to some inquirer, without retaining a copy of the copy. The affidavit was evidently taken in aid of some pending legal proceeding, or in anticipation of some legal use. It was inheiited by my Father with the old papers and miininuHts of his Father, and that is all that can be said of its history." In another letter (November 7, 1883) Mr. Griswold


But who was this George (4) Griswold, the father of Edward, Matthew and Thomas, we know not with certainty. It has been assumed, though, hitherto, without any good reasons given, that our Griswolds belonged to the heraldic family of Greswold of the county of Warwick, one of whom, Humphrey Greswold, deceased in 1746, unmarried, was the first of this family who possessed Malvern Hall;' and the arms of that family: Arg. a /esse Gu. between two grey hoiinds co7ira?it Sa., have been extensively used a's of right belonging to Griswolds of America.

A statement has gained some credence, that our Griswold brothers came from Lyme Regis, co. Dorset, probably for no better reason than because this would afford a plausible explanation of the name of Lyme in Connecticut. But careful search in the records of Lyme Regis, by the Rector in 1874, failed to show that any person of the name ever lived there ; while the affidavits of Edward and Matthew Griswold fully estab- lish the fact that their old home was at Kenilworth, co. Warwick. Now "The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the Year 1619," published by the Harleian Society, gives us thirteen generations of the Greswold family, of which the first-named representative was John Greswold " of Kenelworth," who married the daughter of William Hugford of Hulderley Hall in Soli/mil ; and the seat of the head of the family seems to have

said : " I read it over repeatedly, and critically observed the paper, old and faded, and the writing of style verifying its age," These two Griswold brothers are descendants of Edward Griswold, through his son Francis.

' The late Col. Chester, to whom the question of the English origin of the Griswolds was referred some years since, wrote from London : " I thought I had already explained about the Griswolds of Malvern Hall. The first one who had Malvern Hall was Humphrey G. (son of Rev. Marshall G., descended from the family at Solihull, co. Warwick), who died unmarried in 1746. It then went to his brother John, who died without issue in 1760, when that branch of the family, in the male line, became extinct. Malvern then went to their sister Mary, wife of David Lewis Esq., then to their son Henry Greswold Lewis, who died in 1829 without issue. Malvern then went to his ver)' distant kinsman Edmund Meysey Wigley, who assumed the name of Greswold. He died, unmarried, in 1833, and Malvern then went to his paternal uncle Henry Wigley, who also assumed the surname of Greswold, but who never had a drop of Greswold blood in his veins." The present (18S6) possessor of Malvern Hall is John Francis Williams Greswolde Esq., who assumed the name of Greswolde under the Will of an aunt. Miss Greswolde Walford's County Families. London, i886, p. mo.


been first established at Solihull after the Hugford marriage." Moreover, John Greswold, of the fifth generation in this Visitation, is named Grz's- wold in " The Visitations of the County of Nottingham in the Years 1569 and 1 6 14," pubHshed by the Harleian Society, where the marriage of his daughter Allice to Thomas Dabridgcourt is recorded showing that these two forms of the name were at an early period interchangeable."

But what is more directly to our purpose is the fact that, in the Parish-Register of Solihull as we know from entries kindly copied for us by the Rector Rev. Charles Evans '^ there is recorded the baptism of a "George Gresolde " under date of April 23, 1548, who may well have been our first George. Yet his name is not identified in any pedigree of Gresvs^old which we have seen. The Visitation of Warwickshire for 16 19, indeed, and a pedigree of Greswold published in the "Warwickshire Anti- quarian Magazine," '^ give us two Georges, separated from one another by a generation. But neither of these appears to have been ours. Of the earlier one, distinguished in the pedigrees as " George Clericus," we know, by a monument standing in the nave of the parish-church of Solihull, which was seen by Judge S. O. Griswold of Cleveland, Ohio, in 1883, and which is supposed to commemorate a nephew of George Clericus, that the nephew died, a married man, in 1537; so that a George born in 1548 was probably not the uncle." As to the later George of the pedigrees, a

'" The Publications of the Harl. Soc. Vol. xii. The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the year i6ig. . . . Ed. by John Fetherston. . . . London, 1877, pp. 60-62.

" The Publications of the Harl. Soc. Vol. iv. The Visitations of the County of Nottingham in the years 1569 and 1614. . . . London, 1871, p. 38.

The parish-records of Solihull, as appears from obliging letters of Rev, Charles Evans, Rector, show the following varieties in the form of the name at the dates mentioned :

1539 Griswoolde, 1540 Gryswoolde, 1541 Gresolde, 1547 Grissolde, 1555 Greyswolde, 1561 Grisolde, 1562 Gryswoolde and Gryssold, 1570 Griswolde, 1571 Gressolde, 1575— Greswolde, 1579 Greswoolde, 1590 Greswold, 1593 Gryswold, 1624 Greswold and Griswold, 1627 Griswoold, 1636 Griswold. For some of these, however, the parish-clerk alone may be responsible.

" Private letter, October 6, 1883.

" "Warwickshire Antiq. Magazine . . . Warwick, 1870, Part v."

N. B. Our few references at second hand are marked as quoted.

" We have been favored by Judge Griswold with a copy of the inscription on this monument. But the same may be read in The Antiquities of Warwickshire. ... By William Dugdale. . . . London, 1656, p. 691, where is also to be seen a drawing of the monument.


count of generations shows that he must have been born about 1590, and could not, therefore, well have been the father of a son born, as our Edward was, in 1607, but must have been of the same generation with our Edward, Matthew and Thomas.

The George baptized at Solihull in 1548 doubtless came of some younger branch of the family, and (supposing him the father of our three brothers) probably lived in Kenilworth, whence his two elder sons emigrated to America in 1639, when he was, in all probability, already dead ; for, if alive in 1639, he would have reached the age of ninety-one years. At the birth of Thomas, not earlier than 162 1, he must have been about seventy-three years old.

This identification seems so probable that, for the present, until it shall be refuted, we rest upon it ; and we assume also, as probable, from circum- stances to be referred to presently, that he was of the " gentle " Solihull family. We are unable, however, to give the particular steps of descent of the George Greswold baptized in 1548, because the Parish- Register tells us nothing of his parentage. It is important to add that the Parish- Register of Kenilworth prior to 1630 was destroyed under Cromwell, and that the name of Griswold or Greswold does not occur in it after 1651.

As has been noticed, our Griswold family possessed lands in fee in England, both before and after the emigration of Edward and Matthew. We can only wonder at the enterprise, courage and energy of these early pioneers. Matthew Griswold, at the early age of nineteen years, came with his brother Edward to Windsor, among its earliest settlers ; then struck out from there to find a new home in Saybrook ; then, as if that spot had become too narrow, crossed the "Great River," and made his final settlement as the first man who took up land in Lyme. Perhaps this may have been partly due to the English passion for landed possessions also, perhaps, to a hereditary longing which could be fully gratified only by first occupation.


But from these general considerations we must now return, to record more in detail what we know of the three brothers, Edward, Matthew and Thomas, Griswold, of whom, as has been said, the first two emi- grated to America in 1639, and the other remained in England. As to this Thomas, we know, by the deposition of 1737-38 above cited, that he was the youngest son born, therefore, not earlier than about 162 1 but neither from tradition nor records have we any additional facts respecting him. The yet existing Kenilworth records (as appears from Mr. Chap- man's papers) make mention of " Hanna the daughter of Thomas Grissold," buried April 8, 1632; of "Mary the daughter of Thomas Grissold," buried April 20, 1634; and of "Thomas the sonne of Thomas Grissold and Elianor his wife . . . baptized July y" 30"" Anno Dni 1636;" also, of a "Thomas Grissold," whose wife Joane was buried January 28, 1632 (or 1633), and a "Thomas Grissold," married to Cath- arine Norris June 11, 1635 that is, certainly of two, if not more, sepa- rate Thomases. But neither of them could have been the brother of Edward and Matthew, because Matthew himself was not more than about sixteen years old at the latest of these dates. On the other hand, he may have been either a "Thomas Griswold," who was buried May 5, 1644, or a Thomas, named in the records, who had a son Matthew born May i, 1649. The parish-records of Kenilworth, it will be seen, name at least three distinct Thomas Griswolds.

To come then to the two emigrants, a tradition remains to be alluded to, that their emigration was in company with the Rev. Ephraim Huet of Windsor, who " had been a minister of Wraxall, near Kenilworth, in Warwickshire, was proceeded against by Archbishop Laud, 1638, for neglect of ceremonies, came next year."'" Savage thought this tradition plainly erroneous, for the reason that George, son of Edward, Griswold, in his deposition above cited, testified that he lived with his father in England "in his youthfull years," which, according to Savage, must have extended

" Geneal. Diet. . . . By James Savage. Boston, i860, ii. 4go.


later than to the year 1639. But the" year of Huet's emigration, this very year 1639, being now fixed, independently, as the date of the emigration of Edward and Matthew Griswold, the tradition of their companionship with Huet gains in probability ; while Savage's objection is quite set aside by the fact that George Gnswold, having been sixty-seven years old in 1700 (as he himself affirmed), was born about 1633, not in 1638 as Savage says and could, therefore, well speak, when advanced in life, of a time prior to 1639 as having been in the days of his youth.

EDWARD (i) Griswold, the eldest of the two emigrant brothers, also lived the longest, dying in 1691, as is said,'' in his eighty-fourth year. A colonial record of 1649 shows him to have been, at that time, still residing in Windsor, where his sons Francis and George hkewise had their famihes." It is believed that he removed to Killingworth, now Clinton, Conn., in 1663, and gave to this New England town the name of his old home in Warwickshire. He was a Deputy to the General Court, before this, in 1662. Under the year 1667, as " Mr. Edw. Grissell," he is enrolled a Deputy ; and as "Mr. Edward Griswold," a Commissioner "for Kenil- worth."" In 1674 there was a grant made to him of two hundred acres of land, which were laid out, after long delay, in 1682, "at the north end of Lyme bounds."'' As "Mr. Edward Griswould " he was Deputy "fr. Kelhngworth " in 1678, when he was also nominated for election as Assistant, and as Commissioner ; represented his town in every Court held from that year on to 1689 ; and was, during this period, repeatedly made

'* Savage's Geneal. Diet., ut supra, ii. 316. Many of the particulars respecting Edward Griswold and his descendants, stated in the text and in our Pedigree of Griswold, are drawn